Two World Trade Center, also known by its street address, 200 Greenwich Street, is a new office building approved for construction as part of the World Trade Center reconstruction in New York City. If completed, the tower would be located on the east side of Greenwich Street, across the street from the original location of the Twin Towers that were destroyed during the September 11, 2001 attacks.
The 79-story building was designed by Foster and Partners, London. The building will have a height of 1,270 feet (387 m), with a tripod-shaped antenna that allows the building to reach a total height of 1,350 feet (411 m). In comparison, the Empire State Building’s roof at the 102nd floor is 1,250 feet (381 m) tall, and its antenna is 1,472 ft (448 m.), and the original 2 World Trade Center (often referred to as the “South Tower”) was 1,362 feet (415 m). The structural engineer for the building is WSP Cantor Seinuk, New York City. The Curtain Wall/Cladding consultant for the building is Permasteelisa SPA.
When constructed, the tower will be the second–tallest skyscraper on the World Trade Center site and the third–tallest in New York City, following the Empire State Building. The sloping roof consisting of four diamonds inclined toward the memorial will provide a visual marker around the skyline of just where the original towers were. The tower is designed to resemble a diamond, with cross bracing intersects and indentations breaking up the sides. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey said the following about 200 Greenwich Street’s wedged rooftop: “Designed by Lord Norman Foster, the tower incorporates WTC master planner Daniel Libeskind’s ‘wedge of light’ concept, and will cast no shadow on the memorial park on September 11.”
The total floor space of 200 Greenwich Street is anticipated to include 2.4 million square feet (220,000 square meters) of office space and another 130,000 square feet (12,000 square meters) for retail shops and access areas to the underground PATH railway.
Excavation for 200 Greenwich Street commenced in 2008 and the building was originally scheduled to be completed sometime between 2011 and 2014. On May 11, 2009, however, it was announced that the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey was seeking to reduce the tower to a “stump” building of approximately four stories. The overall plan, which also calls for a similar reduction in height for 175 Greenwich Street and the cancellation of World Trade Center Tower 5, would halve the amount of office space available in the fully reconstructed World Trade Center to 5 million square feet (465,000 m²). The agency cited the recession and disagreements with developer Larry Silverstein as reasons for the proposed reduction. The plan has seen some opposition; a May 2009 piece in the New York Post challenged the necessity of the office space reduction, given Lower Manhattan’s low commercial vacancy rate compared to other U.S. cities and overall demand for modern office properties.
Silverstein is opposed to the plan, and filed a notice of dispute on July 7, 2009. By doing so, the development firm began a two-week period during which renegotiated settlements and a binding arbitration regarding the construction of the four World Trade Center towers can be made. Silverstein Properties, which has paid the Port Authority over $2.75 billion in financing, noted the organization’s inability to meet construction obligations in its official complaint. The development firm has proposed further government intervention in the project as a way of settling the dispute. On December 2, 2009, US$2.6 billion tax-free bond for the building’s construction was approved by the state of New York to continue construction on the World Trade Center site. The construction of Two World Trade Center, however, remains on-hold.
On March 25, 2010, the Port Authority released plans to build Two and Three World Trade Center to street level. The transit and retail podium at the 175 Greenwich Street site would be constructed immediately, but the construction of Tower 3 would be delayed until Silverstein Properties obtains financing for the remaining cost of the tower. Tower 2 foundation work began on June 1, 2010 and should last until late 2011.