Chronology of Styles in New York Architecture
  The Seventeenth Century:
COLLEGIATE_CHURCH2.jpg (35114 bytes) 17th Century Colonial
        Term applies to both colonial Dutch and English architecture. 
  The Eighteenth Century:
Georgian (1714-1776)
        English-inspired colonial architecture.  Marked by a greater concern for
        style and higher standards of comfort.  Fairly homogeneous in both New
        England and Southern colonies.
026F.jpg (11313 bytes) Neoclassicism (c.1780-1820)
        There are several variations:

        FederalistEspecially common in New England; a traditionalist
        approach to classicism, heavily influenced by English models.  Charles
        Bulfinch, Samuel MacIntyre.
        Idealist:  An intellectual and moral approach to classicism, at first
        linked to Roman models.  Symbolic and associational values stressed.
        Best example:  Thomas Jefferson.
        Rationalist:  Emphasized structure and classical building techniques,
        such as stone vaulting and domes.  Benjamin Latrobe.
Shows a photograph of two typical Regency houses with laurel wreath designs above the first floor windows. Notes on the English Regency style.
  The Nineteenth Century:
Pict0286.jpg (132251 bytes) The period is characterized by Romantic revivals and eclecticism.

Greek Revival (1818-1850)
        The first truly national style in the United States.  Strong associational
        values.  Permeated all levels of building.
CP008-42.jpg (43020 bytes) Gothic Revival (c. 1820-1860)
        Strong associational values of religion and nature.  Found in both ecclesiastical
        and residential architecture.  A wide range of archaeological accuracy, from
        Richard Upjohn's urban churches to "Carpenter's Gothic" cottages.
  The "Corporate Style" (c.1800-1900)
        Practical architecture for engineering and commercial purposes; especially
        early factories.  In its time thought to be a "style-less style."
  Egyptian Revival (1820-1850)
        Used primarily for memorials, cemetaries, prisons, and later, warehouses.
Pict0183.jpg (133155 bytes) Neo-Georgian/ neo-Federal
Italianate, or Italian Villa Mode (1840-1860)
        A residential style used by A.J. Downing and others; a Renaissance revival.
ECS2.jpg (45019 bytes) Second Empire Baroque (1860-1880)
        French origin; used for public and residential architecture.
High Victorian Gothic (1860-1880)
        English origin; used for ecclesiastical, public, and residential architecture.
010-facade.gif (52880 bytes) Romanesque Revival/ Stick and/or Shingle Style/Queen Anne (1879-1900)
Arts and Crafts
        Used for residential architecture.
UES80E.jpg (48543 bytes) Expressionism
an organic form with a motif of streamlining which was to become so important in Western industrial design.
Cooper Union Foundation Building Rundbogenstil (German round-arched neo-Romanesque)
34a.jpg (6746 bytes) Moorish Revival Popular for synagogues.
Pict0500.jpg (125906 bytes) Chicago School (1885-1915)
        Commercial architecture; skyscrapers.
museum_of_natural_history.jpg (18260 bytes) Classical Revival (1885-1920)
        Also called Academic Classicism, or Beaux-Arts Classicism.
Related revivals:  Renaissance Revival, French Renaissance, Flemish.
BRI001H.jpg (51749 bytes) Gothic (Collegiate Gothic) (1885-1930)
        Traditional styles continue; Modernism arises.
  Prairie School (1893-1920)
        Frank Lloyd Wright and his followers.
PICT0145.jpg (124803 bytes) Spanish Revival (1920-1930)
  Wrightian, or Organic Architecture (1920-1959)
        F.L. Wright's later style.
1874_New_York_Tribune_Building_NY_NY_LOC_PP_119933pr.jpg (23924 bytes) Historicist Skyscrapers (1900-1940)
Pict0321.jpg (128143 bytes) Art Nouveau
Neo-Gothic. (1905-1930)
SAN_REMO4.jpg (34401 bytes) Setback Style Skyscrapers  (1920-1950)
Also called Wedding Cake style.
037-srivals4.gif (88907 bytes) Art Deco (1925-1940)
        Also called Art Moderne, Streamlined Modern.
008C.jpg (594437 bytes) International Style:
        International Style I (Early Modern) (1929-1940)
        International Style II (1945-1970)
Pict0127.jpg (133099 bytes) Formalism (1957-present)
        A renewed interest in monumental qualities and an interest in form for
        expressive  purposes.  Eero Saarinen.
Futurist (1955-present)
         usually marked by striking shapes, clean lines, and advanced materials.
Brutalism (1957-present)
        Style inspired by LeCorbusier's late works; characterized by the use of
        rough-cast concrete and massive forms. 
Structural Expressionism. Also called "high-tech modernism",(1975 to the present)
Pict0262.jpg (126524 bytes) Late Modern (International Style III) (1970-present)
        Philip Johnson (before his conversion to Post-Modernism) and I.M. Pei, among
Post-Modernism (1964-present)
  Neomodern architecture
  Crafted Modernism
  Contemporary Neo-classical