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Eliel Saarinen (1873–1950)


Eliel Saarinen had a successful practice in his native Finland before moving to Cranbrook, outside of Detroit, in 1924. In 1922, Saarinen entered the competition for the Chicago Tribune Tower. His design, which adapted the setback requirements of New York's 1916 zoning code, came in second place. However, the design was widely published, and it had a profound influence on skyscraper design in New York and elsewhere in America. Ralph Walker's Barclay-Vesey Building (1923–27), Irwin Chanin and Sloan and Robertson's Chanin Building (1927–29), and H. Douglas Ives and Sloan and Robertson's Fred French Building (1926–27), are but three examples of skyscrapers influenced by the massing of Saarinen's design.