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|Approximate Dates 1905 to 1930|
|See also the section on the Gothic Revival|
Neo-Gothic is a revival of Gothic architecture, the dominant style of medieval architecture in Western Europe. Building shapes and details have a strong vertical emphasis, with sharply pointed arches and finials. An element of the grotesque is also common, and many Neo-Gothic designs incorporate gargoyles and rich figurative carving.
Although Gothic architecture is best known for its cathedrals, the Neo-Gothic draws inspiration also from religious and secular buildings of the Middle Ages, including town halls and mercantile structures.
During the eclectic early 20th century when Neo-Gothic flourished, most architectural firms working in this style were also fluent in the other popular revival styles. Architects whose output included major Neo-Gothic buildings included H. Craig Severance in New York and Robert S. DeGolyer & Co. in Chicago. The firm of Hood & Howells, which won the famous Tribune Tower competition, was instrumental in the transition between Gothic verticality and Art Deco streamlining.